Hindi Matra (हिन्दी मात्रा): How and when it is used?

Read and learn Hindi Matra (हिन्दी मात्रा) in full details. Check How and when Hindi Signs (Matra) is used with Hindi Vowels and Hindi Consonants with example words.

Hindi Matra (हिन्दी मात्रा)

Hindi Matra

  • Hindi ‘Matra’ word is used for vowel sign. ‘:’ after a vowel denotes longer sound.
  • Hindi Vowels: अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ ए ऍ ऐ ओ ऑ औ
  • Hindi Matra:    ा  ि ी ु ू ृ े ॅ ै ो ॉ ौ 

Hindi Vowels and their Signs (Matra)

Vowels(Svar)

sign/matra

Mode of writing

N/Aक्+अ
(-T)क्+आका
िक्+इकि
( ◌ी )क्+ईकी
( ◌ु)क्+उकु
(◌ू)क्+ऊकू
(◌ृ)क्+ऋकृ
( ◌े)क्+एके
(◌ै)क्+ऐकै
(◌ो)क्+ओको
(-◌ौ)क्+औकौ
अं(◌ं)क्+अंकं
अ:( : ) (Visarga)क्+अ:कः

Note: When the consonant is pronounced without a vowel, the consonant takes the diacritic mark right slanting stroke ( ् ) halant; e.g. – क्, म् etc.

Hindi Matra Name and Where is it used?

Martra Namesign/matraWhere is it used?Consonant Shapes formed
AA(-T)क्+आ =का
Iिक्+इ = कि
II( ◌ी )क्+ई = की
U( ◌ु)क्+उ = कु
UU(◌ू)क्+ऊ = कू
VOCALIC R(◌ृ)क्+ऋ = कृ
E( ◌े)क्+ए =के
CANDRA E( ॅ )क्+ॅ= कॅ
AI(◌ै)क्+ऐ = कै
O(◌ो)क्+ओ = को
CANDRA O( ॉ )क्+औ = कौ
AU(-◌ौ)क्+अं =कं

Hindi Matra with Consonants (बारह खड़ी)

Consonant and Matra combinations Set 1

Consonant and Mātrā combinations Set 1

Remark 1- ङ and ञ are rarely used only as the first members of clusters and mostly as परसवणक or alternatives of अनुस्वार.

Consonant and Matra combinations Set 2

This set is in continuation of set 1 which shows consonant and matra combinations.

Consonant and matra combinations Set 2

Consonant and Matra combinations Set 3

This set is in continuation of set 2 which shows consonant and mātrā combinations.

Consonant and Matra combinations Set 3

Consonant and Matra combinations Set 4

This set is in continuation of set 3 which shows consonant and mātrā combinations for nukta
consonants.

क़,ग़ were not recognized as part of the consonant set by the Central Hindi Directorate, but have been accepted in its latest version. This combination is rarely used.

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